Their contemporary, Juan Miro, had an equally profound impact of 20th century art. Nearly half of Spain is moderately or severely affected, especially in the arid east (Almería, Murcia), as well as in much of subarid Spain (the Ebro basin). The Spanish town Bunol hosts an annual tomato-throwing festival called "La Tomatina". FREE Shipping. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. 2. The country’s Roman conquerors left their language, roads, and monuments, while many of the Roman Empire’s greatest rulers were Spanish, among them Trajan, Hadrian, and Marcus Aurelius. Where can you catch a Real Madrid game? And in the center of Madrid you can find the Puerta del Sol ("The Sun Gate"), which is the center of the country and the Spanish radial road system. See more ideas about travel posters, spain, vintage travel posters. Spain facts: Official web sites of Spain, links and information on Spain's art, culture, geography, history, travel and tourism, cities, the capital of Spain, airlines, embassies, tourist … This includes all the islands above mentioned. For 300 years afterward, Spanish explorers and conquerors traveled the world, claiming huge territories for the Spanish crown, a succession of Castilian, Aragonese, Habsburg, and Bourbon rulers. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Below is some general information such as total population, land area, biggest lake, highest mountain and other facts about Spain that might be interesting to know. And what better country to choose than Spain? Through an eclectic approach, he created a unique style reminiscent of the Mudéjar, an architectural style blending Muslim and Christian design. You’ll see ad results based on factors like relevancy, and the amount sellers pay per click. In the country’s northeast are the broad valley of the Ebro River, the mountainous region of Catalonia, and the hilly coastal plain of Valencia. Find out more in our Cookies & Similar Technologies Policy. It occupies about 85 percent of the Iberian Peninsula, which it shares with its smaller neighbour Portugal. Shop affordable wall art to hang in dorms, bedrooms, offices, or anywhere blank walls aren't welcome. The Canary (Canarias) Islands, in the Atlantic Ocean off the northwestern African mainland, and the Balearic (Baleares) Islands, in the Mediterranean, also are parts of Spain, as are Ceuta and Melilla, two small enclaves in North Africa (northern Morocco) that Spain has ruled for centuries. To the south is the citrus-orchard-rich and irrigated lands of the valley of the Guadalquivir River, celebrated in the renowned lyrics of Spanish poets Federico García Lorca and Antonio Machado; over this valley rises the snowcapped Sierra Nevada. The outer zones of the Pyrenees are composed of sedimentary rocks. Offshore in the Mediterranean, the Balearic Islands are an unsubmerged portion of the Baetic Cordillera. Only the Ebro River has a relatively constant and substantial flow—19,081 cubic feet (540 cubic metres) per second at Tortosa—coming from snowmelt as well as rainfall in the high Pyrenees. In due course these sediments were pushed by major earth movements into mountain ranges. The Júcar River flowing past a 14th-century castle at Cofrentes, Valencia, Spain. Acidic southern brown earths (leading to restricted crop choice) are prevalent on the crystalline rocks of the western Meseta, and gray, brown, or chestnut soils have developed on the calcareous and alkaline strata of the eastern Meseta and of eastern Spain in general. Fact 14: With a GDP of $1.3 trillion, Spain is the 13th largest economy in the world. Those artworks are now printed via canvas print, art print and even as poster. The Iberian Peninsula seen from the International Space Station, July 26, 2014. Two are widely distributed but of limited extent: alluvial soils, found in the major valleys and coastal plains, and poorly developed, or truncated, mountain soils. Skillfully decorated with world class art galleries, Madrid would make you want to come here again and again. Some of the technologies we use are necessary for critical functions like security and site integrity, account authentication, security and privacy preferences, internal site usage and maintenance data, and to make the site work correctly for browsing and transactions. Another interesting fact about Spain is that in the Northern Spain, there is a oldest cave painting that dates to 40,000 years … To the northwest is the Cantabrian Mountains, a rugged range in which heavily forested, rain-swept valleys are interspersed with tall peaks. Relief on the nearly horizontal sedimentary strata of the Ebro depression is mostly plain or plateau, except at the eastern end where the Ebro River penetrates the mountains to reach the Mediterranean Sea. Here are some amazing and Interesting facts about the city that never sleeps, the Kingdom of Spain, El Foro, Madrid: By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Although more extensive—more than 500 miles (800 km) long and up to 150 miles (240 km) wide—and with peninsular Spain’s highest summit, Mulhacén Peak, at 11,421 feet (3,481 metres), the Baetic ranges are more fragmented and less of a barrier than the Pyrenees. is an experienced vintage poster dealer, with clients all over the world. Spain is a storied country of stone castles, snowcapped mountains, vast monuments, and sophisticated cities, all of which have made it a favoured travel destination. In 1492, the year the last of the Moorish rulers were expelled from Spain, ships under the command of Christopher Columbus reached America. The northern Meseta Central, which has an average elevation of 2,300 feet (700 metres), corresponds to the tablelands, or plateau, of Castile and León, although it is in fact a basin surrounded by mountains and drained by the Douro (Duero) River. Low price guarantee, fast shipping & free returns, and custom framing options on all prints. Spain … Spain is the fourth largest country in Europe after Russia, Ukraine and France. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). The southern Meseta Central (the Meseta of Castile–La Mancha) is some 330 feet (100 metres) lower. Following Franco’s death in 1975, a Bourbon king, Juan Carlos, returned to the throne and established a constitutional monarchy. Much of the region is traditionally given over to cattle ranching and grain production; it was in this rural setting that Miguel de Cervantes’s Don Quixote tilted at the tall windmills that still dot the landscape in several places. Be it language, culture, cuisine or the art, it is the element of diversity present in all of these that truly entice a person. The flow of many Iberian streams has been reduced artificially by water extraction for purposes such as irrigation. According to Spanish legend, when children lose a baby tooth, a mouse will exchange it for presents. On their northern and northwestern sides they flank the low-lying and fairly flat Guadalquivir basin, the average elevation of which is only 426 feet (130 metres) on mainly clay strata. It comes from the first sob and the first kiss.” Even the Vandals, Huns, and Visigoths who swept across Spain following the fall of Rome are remembered in words and monuments, which prompted García Lorca to remark, “In Spain, the dead are more alive than the dead of any other country in the world.”. The country borders the Mediterranean Sea in the South and East and the Atlantic Ocean in the Northwest. In comparison, the flow of the Douro is only 5,050 cubic feet (143 cubic metres) per second. Read our Cookie Policy. It has a surface of about 505.955 square kilometers. This is the regime of all the major arteries that drain the Meseta as well as those of the Mediterranean seaboard, such as the Júcar and the Segura: for example, from August to September the Guadiana River usually has less than one-tenth of its average annual flow. The short, swift streams of Galicia and Cantabria, draining to the northwestern and northern coasts, respectively, have only a slight or, at most, modest summer minimum. Spain’s only other land border is in the far south with Gibraltar, an enclave that belonged to Spain until 1713, when it was ceded to Great Britain in the Treaty of Utrecht at the end of the War of the Spanish Succession. Soil erosion resulting from the vegetation degradation suffered by Spain for at least the past 3,000 years has created extensive badlands, reduced soil cover, downstream alluviation, and, more recently, silting of dams and irrigation works. It occupies about 85 percent of the Iberian Peninsula, which it shares with its smaller neighbor Portugal. Etsy uses cookies and similar technologies to give you a better experience, enabling things like: Detailed information can be found in Etsy’s Cookies & Similar Technologies Policy and our Privacy Policy. Spain is the third country in Europe as for it's size and fifth as for population numbers. Its four land bordering countries are Andorra, France, Portugal, and Gibraltar.. Great! You've already signed up for some newsletters, but you haven't confirmed your address. So let us grab some interesting quick facts about Spain. If you are considering Spain and Madrid in particular, as a holiday destination, here are a few interesting facts … 98 Get it as soon as Fri, Jan 24 Sellers looking to grow their business and reach more interested buyers can use Etsy’s advertising platform to promote their items. In contrast, the granitic Galician mountains, at the northwestern end of the Hercynian block, have an average elevation of only 1,640 feet (500 metres), decreasing toward the deeply indented (ria) coast of the Atlantic seaboard. From painters to architects, sculptors to playwrights, Spain has been the homeland of many famous artists over the centuries. History. Spain officially remained neutral during World War I and World War II. Looking carefully on the artworks of different countries, most or all of them reflect the culture of the country, the landscape and somehow depict their history in a very emotional way.